For the calculus-based General Physics course primarily taken by engineers and science majors (including physics majors).
This long-awaited and extensive revision maintains Giancoli's reputation for creating carefully crafted, highly accurate and precise physics texts. Physics for Scientists and Engineers combines outstanding pedagogy with a clear and direct narrative and applications that draw the student into the physics. The new edition also features an unrivaled suite of media and on-line resources that enhance the understanding of physics.
This book is written for students. It aims to explain physics in a readable and interesting manner that is accessible and clear, and to teach students by anticipating their needs and difficulties without oversimplifying.
Physics is a description of reality, and thus each topic begins with concrete observations and experiences that students can directly relate to. We then move on to the generalizations and more formal treatment of the topic. Not only does this make the material more interesting and easier to understand, but it is closer to the way physics is actually practiced.
- Greater clarity: No topic, no paragraph in this book was overlooked in the search to improve the clarity of the presentation. Many changes and clarifications have been made, both small and not so small. One goal has been to eliminate phrases and sentences that may slow down the principle argument: keep to the essentials at first, give the elaborations later.
- Color is used pedagogically to bring out the physics. Different types of vectors are given different colors. This book has been printed in 5 colours (5 passes through the presses) to provide better variety and definition for illustrating vectors and other concepts such as fields and rays. The photographs opening each Chapter, some of which have vectors superimposed on them, have been chosen so that the accompanying caption can be a sort of summary of the Chapter.
- The wide range of Applications have been carefully chosen and integrated into the text so as not to interfere with the development of the physics, but rather to illuminate it.Some serve only as examples of physical principles, some are treated in greater depth. To make it easy to spot the Applications, a Physics Applied marginal note is placed in the margin. A list of Applications shall appear after the Table of Contents.
- Problem-Solving Marginal Notes are included throughout the Chapters to emphasise key Problem Solving strategies.
- Problem-Solving Boxes, found throughout the book, outline a step-by-step approach to get students thinking about and involved in the problem at hand.
- Step-by-Step Examples follow most Problem Solving Boxes with the next Example being worked step-by-step, following the steps of the preceding Problem Solving Box to show students how this tool can be
- Estimation Examples help students develop skills for making order-of-magnitude estimates, even when data is scarce, or when you might never have guessed any result was possible.
New to this Edition
Great effort has been made to keep important derivations and arguments on facing pages. Students then don’t have to turn back and forth. [Throughout the book readers see before them, on two facing pages, an important slice of physics.]
Revised Vector Notation
Arrows over boldface symbols are now used to denote vectors in text and in art. Provides consistency with the way students write vectors in homework and the way professors write vectors on the board.
New “Chapter Opening Questions” (COQs)
These multiple-choice questions at the beginning of each Chapter immediately engage students with key Chapter concepts, presenting common student misconceptions. Students revisit the COQs later in the Chapter, as an Exercise, to see if their answers have changed. Answers to all Exercises are given at the end of the Chapter.
New Chapter Contents listing on the Chapter-Opening Page
Gives students an overview of Chapter topics without forcing them to turn back to the TOC.
New “Approach” Steps in worked-out Examples
Added to each worked-out Example, the Approach steps help students understand the reasoning behind the method used to solve the problem and answer their questions of 'how/where do I start?'
New “Note” Sections in worked-out Examples
Added to many worked-out Examples after the Solution, these Notes sometimes remark on the solution itself, mention an application, or give an alternate approach to solving the problem.
Integrated throughout the Chapters, Exercises give students a chance to check their understanding through practice before they proceed to other topics. [Answers are given at the end of the Chapter.]
New Caution marginal notes
These notes in the margin of the text warn students of common mistakes / misconceptions about the topic at hand.
New Computer / Numerical Problems
In most Chapters, with an optional introduction in Section 2-9, these are optional and often level III Problems grouped together at the end of most Chapters. These problems require a numerical solution, often requiring a computer, spreadsheet, or programmable calculator to do the sums.
New Examples and Applications
- New optional Example 1-9 Planck length on this smallest meaningful unit of measurement.
- New optional Section 2-9 Graphical Analysis and Numerical Integration, including Example 2-22 Numerical Integration, describing techniques students can use to solve problems numerically, using a computer or graphing calculator. Problems that use these numerical techniques are found at the end of many Chapters.
- New Example 6-10 Lagrange Point L1 explores how to determine the distance to Lagrange Point L1.
- Chapters 7 and 8 on Work and Energy were carefully revised including the issue of work done by friction.
- Chapters 10 and 11 on Rotational Motion were reorganized such that coverage of Angular Momentum is entirely in Chapter 11.
- Chapters 30 and 31 on Inductance and AC Circuits were combined into one Chapter.
Table of Contents
CONTENTS OF VOLUME 1
APPLICATIONS LIST xii
AVAILABLE SUPPLEMENTS AND MEDIA xxii
NOTES TO STUDENTS (AND INSTRUCTORS) ON THE FORMAT xxiv
COLOR USE: VECTORS, FIELDS, AND SYMBOLS xxv
CHAPTER1: INTRODUCTION, MEASUREMENT, ESTIMATING
1—1 The Nature of Science
1—2 Models, Theories, and Laws
1—3 Measurement and Uncertainty; Significant Figures
1—4 Units, Standards, and the SI System
1—5 Converting Units
1—6 Order of Magnitude: Rapid Estimating
*1—7 Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis
CHAPTER 2: DESCRIBING MOTION: KINEMATICS IN ONE DIMENSION
2—1 Reference Frames and Displacement
2—2 Average Velocity
2—3 Instantaneous Velocity
2—5 Motion at Constant Acceleration
2—6 Solving Problems
2—7 Freely Falling Objects
*2—8 Variable Acceleration; Integral Calculus
*2—9 Graphical Analysis and Numerical Integration
CHAPTER 3: KINEMATICS IN TWO OR THREE DIMENSIONS; VECTORS
3—1 Vectors and Scalars
3—2 Addition of Vectors–Graphical Methods
3—3 Subtraction of Vectors, and Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar
3—4 Adding Vectors by Components
3—5 Unit Vectors
3—6 Vector Kinematics
3—7 Projectile Motion
3—8 Solving Problems Involving Projectile Motion
3—9 Relative Velocity
CHAPTER 4: DYNAMICS: NEWTON’S LAWS OF MOTION
4—2 Newton’s First Law of Motion
4—4 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
4—5 Newton’s Third Law of Motion
4—6 Weight–the Force of Gravity; and the Normal Force
4—7 Solving Problems with Newton’s Laws: Free-Body Diagrams
4—8 Problem Solving–A General Approach
CHAPTER 5: USING NEWTON’S LAWS: FRICTION, CIRCULAR MOTION, DRAG FORCES
5—1 Applications of Newton’s Laws Involving Friction
5—2 Uniform Circular Motion–Kinematics
5—3 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion
5—4 Highway Curves: Banked and Unbanked
*5—5 Nonuniform Circular Motion
*5—6 Velocity-Dependent Forces: Drag and Terminal Velocity
CHAPTER 6: GRAVITATION AND NEWTON’S6 SYNTHESIS
6—1 Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation
6—2 Vector Form of Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation
6—3 Gravity Near the Earth’s Surface; Geophysical Applications
6—4 Satellites and “Weightlessness”
6—5 Kepler’s Laws and Newton’s Synthesis
*6—6 Gravitational Field
6—7 Types of Forces in Nature
*6—8 Principle of Equivalence; Curvature of Space; Black Holes
CHAPTER 7: WORK AND ENERGY
7—1 Work Done by a Constant Force
7—2 Scalar Product of Two Vectors
7—3 Work Done by a Varying Force
7—4 Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Principle
CHAPTER 8: CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
8—1 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
8—2 Potential E