Careers in mathematics run the gamut, from teaching at the elementary level to working as a CPA to working for NASA. Due to the varied nature of these mathematician jobs, your work as a mathematician could yield varying levels of income. Generally speaking, those working for large companies in the science or tech fields or for the government tend to earn more than those working as public school teachers or college professors. This is not always the case, however.

## Mathematician Description

When you work in the field of mathematics, you can fill a number of roles. As a mathematician, you can be a teacher, which is one of the most common ways to enjoy a fulfilling career with math. Teachers generally work during normal school hours, with summers off, and have their own classroom. Teachers might instruct just one class worth of students in many subjects if teaching the lower grades, or they might teach only math and deal with many different classes of students if they are teaching at the middle- or high-school levels.

Mathematicians who wish to pursue continued research and education of their own often opt to work as professors at the college level. College professors tend to teach many classes of students and offer a few different courses that revolve around their specialty within the realm of mathematics. They might be required to publish papers or books based on their research, and often college professors take regular sabbaticals to enable them to conduct that research.

Mathematicians also work in the science, medical and technology industries, supplying the data needed to design space shuttles and telescopes, provide the backbone for pharmacology statistics and helping in the programming of computers. A career in mathematics could also bring you to work as a sports statistician, an accountant or tax professional, a risk analyst or a stockbroker.

## Mathematician Salary Per Hour

Depending on the specific role you play within the field of mathematics, you might earn much more or much less per hour. Expected mathematician salary with a Ph.D. is higher in most industries than for those who have only a bachelor's or master’s degree.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median hourly wage for a mathematician is **$50.50**. Those in the lowest 10 percent range earn **$27.94** per hour, and those at the 25^{th} percentile earn **$36.62**. High-earning mathematicians in the 75^{th} percentile can expect to earn **$61.47** per hour, and those at the 90 percent level earn **$77.92** per hour.

For most professionals working as mathematicians, wages are reported as annual salaries rather than hourly amounts. These numbers translate to a low-end salary of **$58,100** and a high-end salary of **$162,060**. The median annual wage for a mathematician is **$105,030**.

## Mathematician Industry

Since the Bureau of Labor Statistics cites just 2,630 mathematicians as being currently employed in the United States, it’s valuable to take a look at which industries are mostly to thank for these average salary numbers. They indicate that 1,070 mathematicians are employed by the federal government in the executive branch and have an OES designation. That’s almost half of those reporting salaries. Statistics further indicate that 430 mathematicians work as scientific researchers and 430 work for colleges and universities.

It’s important to note that these numbers do not include school teachers in the lower grades. The Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that high school teachers earn an average of **$61,660** per year, and that there are over 1 million such jobs available. This is not specific to just high school math teachers, however.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that middle school teachers earn an average of **$59,660** per year, and that there are 615,700 such jobs in the United States. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, kindergarten and elementary teachers earn an average of **$59,420** per year and there are 1.5 million such jobs in the United States. Neither of these figures or the associated salaries are specific to math teachers, either, however.